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The species Bovine rhinitis A virus (from Feb 2012) belongs to the genus Aphthovirus and consists of two serotypes, bovine rhinitis A virus 1 (BRAV-1) and BRAV-2, formerly known as bovine rhinovirus 1 and bovine rhinovirus 3, respectively. Initial partial sequence analysis of the BRV-1 and BRV-3 genomes showed they were more closely related to the aphthoviruses than to the rhinoviruses (Knowles, 2005). Since then the (nearly) complete genome sequences of both types have been determined and the relationship to the aphthoviruses confirmed (Piccone et al., 2009, 2010).

Search for Bovine rhinitis A virus sequences on GenBank

Genome organisation

VPg+5'UTRIRES-II[Lpro/1A-1B-1C-1D-2Anpgp/2B-2C/3A-3BVPg-3Cpro-3Dpol]3'UTR-poly(A)


References

Hause, B.M., Collin, E.A., Anderson, J., Hesse, R.A. and Anderson, G. (2015). Bovine rhinitis viruses are common in U.S. cattle with bovine respiratory disease. PLoS One 10(3):e0121998.

Knowles, N.J. (2005). Molecular identification of all three bovine rhinovirus serotypes as members of the genus Aphthovirus. EUROPIC 2005: XIIIth Meeting of the European Study Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, Lunteren, The Netherlands, 23-29th May 2005. Abstract A18.

Ng, T.F., Kondov, N.O., Deng, X., Van Eenennaam, A., Neibergs, H.L. and Delwart, E. (2015). A metagenomics and case-control study to identify viruses associated with bovine respiratory disease. J. Virol. 89: 5340-5349.

Piccone, M.E., Kramer, Jr., E.V., Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, A.E. (2009). Sequence analysis of a bovine rhinovirus type 1 strain RS3x. 28th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Virology, The University of British Columbia - Vancouver, BC, 11-15 July 2009. Paper No. 32-8: P. 337.

Piccone, M.E., Wadsworth, J., Kramer, E., Pauszek, S.J., Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2010). Sequence analysis and molecular features of bovine rhinovirus types 1 and 3 and their taxonomic position in the Aphthovirus genus. EUROPIC 2010: XVI Meeting of the European Study Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, St. Andrews, Scotland, 11-16 September 2010.
 
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