Ljungan virus

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Ljungan virus seqs

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Ljungan virus types 1 to 5 belong to the species Parechovirus B,  genus Parechovirus.

The partial genome sequence of a virus isolated from bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) was originally determined by Niklasson et al. (1998) (accession no. AF020541). 597 nt of the 5' untranslated region plus 1521 nt of the capsid-coding region (VP0 and VP3) were determined for the new agent called Ljungan virus (LV; isolate 145SL). More recently the complete genome sequences of four Ljungan virus isolates have been determined (Johansson et al., 2002; 2003). Comparisons with other picornaviruses indicate that the capsid-coding genes of LV are most closely related to human parechovirus types 1 and 2 (formerly echovirus types 22 and 23), members of the newly created picornavirus genus, Parechovirus.

In April 2003, the (nearly) complete genome sequence of an American Ljungan virus was reported (Johansson et al., 2003; AF538689). In 2016 a fifth type of Ljungan virus was found in gulls (Larus sp.) in Japan (Mitake et al., 2016).

Search for Ljungan virus sequences on GenBank

Genome organisation

VPg+5'UTRIRES-II[1AB-1C-1D?2A
npgp/2AH-Box/NC-2B-2C/3A-3BVPg-3Cpro-3Dpol]3'UTR-poly(A) 

Ljunganvirus.org

Fig. 1. Phylogenetic tree (Neighbor-joining) showing the relationships between the parechoviruses (VP1 nucleotide p-dist) (N.J. Knowles, unpublished).


Table 1. VP1 nt matrix (p-dist).
LV-1_87-012_(AF327920) 0.0 7.7 27.9 26.6 28.0 32.7 33.3 27.4
LV-1_174F_(AF327921) 7.7 0.0 28.5 27.4 28.6 33.3 33.5 27.7
LV-2_145SL_(AF327922) 27.9 28.5 0.0 10.3 0.2 33.6 32.5 29.4
LV-2_340/Sweden/1994_(KR045607) 26.6 27.4 10.3 0.0 10.3 34.3 32.5 28.9
LV-2_342/Sweden/1994_(KR045608) 28.0 28.6 0.2 10.3 0.0 33.8 32.6 29.5
LV-3_M1146_(AF538689) 32.7 33.3 33.6 34.3 33.8 0.0 28.4 33.8
LV-4_64-7855_(EU854568) 33.3 33.5 32.5 32.5 32.6 28.4 0.0 32.2
LV-5_Fuz1/Japan/2014_(LC133331) 27.4 27.7 29.4 28.9 29.5 33.8 32.2 0.0

References

Johansson, S., Niklasson, B., Maizel, J. Gorbalenya, A.E. and Lindberg, A.M. (2002). Molecular analysis of three Ljungan virus isolates reveals a new, close-to-root lineage of the Picornaviridae with a cluster of two unrelated 2A proteins.J. Virol. 76: 8920-8930.

Johansson ES, Niklasson B, Tesh RB, Shafren DR, Travassos da Rosa AP, Lindberg AM. (2003). Molecular characterization of M1146, an American isolate of Ljungan virus (LV) reveals the presence of a new LV genotype. J Gen Virol. 84: 837-844.

Niklasson, B., Kinnunen, L., Hornfeldt, B., Horling, J., Benemar, C., Hedlund, K.O., Matskova, L., Hyypiä, T. and Winberg, G. (1999). A new picornavirus isolated from bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus). Virology 255: 86-93.

Lindberg, A.M. and Johansson, S. (2002). Phylogenetic analysis of Ljungan virus and A-2 plaque virus, new members of the Picornaviridae. Virus Res. 85: 61-70.

Mitake, H., Fujii, Y., Nagai, M., Ito, N., Okadera, K., Okada, K., Nakagawa, K., Kishimoto, M., Mizutani, T., Okazaki, K., Sakoda, Y., Takada, A. and Sugiyama, M. (2016). Isolation of a novel Ljungan virus from wild birds in Japan. J. Gen. Virol. 2016 May 20. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000508. [Epub ahead of print]