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Unassigned
  Genus: Aphthovirus

Species: Bovine rhinitis A virus

Serotype: bovine rhinitis A virus 1
(formerly bovine rhinovirus 1)
 
5' UTR L VP4 VP2 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR
Serotype: bovine rhinitis A virus 2
(formerly bovine rhinovirus 3)
 
5' UTR L VP4 VP2 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR

 (White areas indicate genes which haven't yet been sequenced completely; grey areas are where only partial sequences exist)

Virus Strain Region Length Accession No. Reference Comments

Bovine rhinitis A virus 1 (BRAV-1)

BRAV-1 bov/RS 3x/UK/c.1969 CG(p) 7267 KT948520 Knowles, 2005; Piccone et al., 2010;
 Rai et al., 2016
5' end missing
BRAV-1 bov/SD-1/GER/c.1962 CG(p)   n/a Piccone et al., 2010 5' end missing
CG(p) 7245 KP236128 Hause et al., 2015 5' end missing
CG(p) 7253 KJ608370 Hwang et al., unpub. 5' end missing
BRAV-1 bov/BSRI4/USA/2013 CG(p) 7207 KP264974 Ng et al., 2015 5' end missing
BRAV-1 USII/02/USA/2015 CG(p) 7207 KU159364 Mitra et al., 2016 5' end missing
BRAV-1 BS16-2/USA/2015 CG(p) 6840 KU159362 Mitra et al., 2016 5' end missing
             

Bovine rhinitis A virus 2 (BRAV-2)

BRAV-2 H-1/JPN/c.1984 CG(p) 7250 JN936206 Knowles, 2005; Piccone et al., 2010;
Knowles & Wadsworth, unpub.
5' end missing
BRAV-2 140032-1/USA/2013 CG(p) 7235 KP236129 Hause et al., 2015 5' end missing
BRAV-2 MexB15/Mexico/2015 CG(p) 7030 KU159363 Mitra et al., 2016 5' end missing
             
CG = complete genome
(p) = partial gene sequence
n/a = not available

References

Hause, B.M., Collin, E.A., Anderson, J., Hesse, R.A. and Anderson, G. (2015). Bovine rhinitis viruses are common in U.S. cattle with bovine respiratory disease. PLoS One 10(3):e0121998.

Knowles, N.J. (2005). Molecular identification of all three bovine rhinovirus serotypes as members of the genus Aphthovirus. EUROPIC 2005: XIIIth Meeting of the European Study Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, Lunteren, The Netherlands, 23-29th May 2005. Abstract A18.

Mitra, N., Cernicchiaro, N., Torres, S., Li, F. and Hause, B.M. (2016). Metagenomic characterization of the virome associated with bovine respiratory disease in feedlot cattle identified novel viruses and suggests an etiologic role for influenza D virus. J. Gen. Virol. 2016 May 5. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000492. [Epub ahead of print]

Ng, T.F., Kondov, N.O., Deng, X., Van Eenennaam, A., Neibergs, H.L. and Delwart, E. (2015). A metagenomics and case-control study to identify viruses associated with bovine respiratory disease. J. Virol. 89: 5340-5349.

Piccone, M.E., Wadsworth, J., Kramer, E., Pauszek, S.J., Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2010). Sequence analysis and molecular features of bovine rhinovirus types 1 and 3 and their taxonomic position in the Aphthovirus genus. EUROPIC 2010, St. Andrews, Scotland, 11-16 September 2010.

Rai, D.K., Lawrence, P., Pauszek, S.J., Piccone, M.E., Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2016). Bioinformatics and molecular analysis of the evolutionary relationship between bovine rhinitis A viruses and foot-and-mouth disease virus. Bioinform. Biol. Insights 9(Suppl 2): 43-58.

 

 

 

 

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