Bovine rhinitis B virus
belongs to the genus
and consists of a single serotype,
bovine rhinitis B virus 1
far only one virus isolate has been described,
EC-11, and it was originally named
bovine rhinovirus 2
(BRV-2; Reed et al., 1971). Initial partial sequence
analysis of the BRV-2 genome showed that it was more
closely related to the aphthoviruses than to the
rhinoviruses (Knowles, 2005). Since then the
(nearly) complete genome sequence of EC 11 has been
published and the relationship to the aphthoviruses
Search for Bovine rhinitis B virus
sequences on GenBank
Hause, B.M., Collin, E.A.,
Anderson, J., Hesse, R.A. and Anderson, G. (2015). Bovine rhinitis
viruses are common in U.S. cattle with bovine respiratory disease.
PLoS One 10(3):e0121998.
Hollister, J.R., Vagnozzi, A.,
Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2006). Molecular analysis of bovine
rhinovirus type 2 shows a close relationship to the aphthoviruses.
Northern Lights EUROPIC 2006: XIV Meeting of the European Study
Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, Saariselkä, Inari,
Finland, 26th November-1st December 2006. Abstract A5.
Hollister, J., Vagnozzi, A.,
Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2008). Molecular and phylogenetic
analyses of bovine rhinovirus type 2 show it is closely related to
foot-and-mouth disease virus. Virology 373: 411-425. doi
Knowles, N.J. (2005). Molecular
identification of all three bovine rhinovirus serotypes as members
of the genus Aphthovirus. EUROPIC 2005: XIIIth Meeting of the
European Study Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses,
Lunteren, The Netherlands, 23-29th May 2005. Abstract A18.
Ng, T.F., Kondov, N.O., Deng, X., Van Eenennaam, A.,
Neibergs, H.L. and Delwart, E. (2015). A metagenomics and case-control
study to identify viruses associated with bovine respiratory
disease. J. Virol. 89: 5340-5349.