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Unassigned
  Genus: Aphthovirus

Species: Bovine rhinitis B virus

Type: bovine rhinitis B virus 1 (BRBV-1) (formerly bovine rhinovirus 2)  
5' UTR L VP4 VP2 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR
Type: bovine rhinitis B virus 2 (BRBV-2)  
5' UTR L VP4 VP2 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR
Type: bovine rhinitis B virus 3 (BRBV-3)  
5' UTR L VP4 VP2 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR
Type: bovine rhinitis B virus 4 (BRBV-4)  
5' UTR L VP4 VP2 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR
Type: bovine rhinitis B virus 5 (BRBV-5)  
5' UTR L VP4 VP2 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR

 (White areas indicate genes which haven't yet been sequenced completely; grey areas are where only partial sequences exist)

Virus Strain Region Length Accession No. Reference Comments

Bovine rhinitis B virus 1 (BRBV-1) (formerly bovine rhinovirus 2)

BRBV-1 bov/EC 11/UK/c.1964

CG(p)

7556 EU236594 Hollister et al., 2008 5' end missing
BRBV-1 bov/BSRI1/USA/2013 CG(p) 7359 KP264980 Ng et al., 2015 5' end missing
BRBV-1 bov/140032-2/USA/2013 CG(p) 7499 KP236130 Hause et al., 2015 5' end missing
BRBV-1 bov/TCH8/USA/2013 CG(p) 7484 KU168862 Tokarz & Lipkin, unpub. 5' end missing
BRBV-1 bov/MexB48 CG(p) 7414 KU159361 Mitra et al., 2016 5' end missing
BRBV-1 bov/Canada/2017-2018 pp-coding 6585 MT700546 Zhang, unpub. reading frame problems
BRBV-1 bov/Canada/2017-2018 pp-coding 6585 MT700547 Zhang, unpub. reading frame problems
             

Bovine rhinitis B virus 2 (BRBV-2)

BRBV-2 bov/BSRI2/USA/2013 L-VP3 1803 KP264976 Ng et al., 2015  
VP1(p)+2A+2B(p) 816 KP264977 Ng et al., 2015  
2C(p)-3C(p) 1182 KP264978 Ng et al., 2015  
3C(p)-3D 1527 KP264979 Ng et al., 2015  
BRBV-2 bov/MexB10/Mexico/2015 CG(p) 7271 KU159357 Mitra et al., 2016 5' & 3' ends missing
BRBV-2 bov/SWE1/2014 CG(p) 7476 KY432299 Blomstrom et al., unpub. 5' end missing
BRBV-2 bov/CHN1/China/2014 CG(p) 7465 MT160419 Yi-Lun & Shao-Lun, unpub. 5' & 3' ends missing
BRBV-2 bov/6900/USA/2020 CG(p) 7466 MZ574106 Hause and Bhattarai, unpub.  
             

Bovine rhinitis B virus 3 (BRBV-3)

BRBV-3 bov/BSRI3/USA/2013 CG(p) 6995 KP264975 Ng et al., 2015 5' end missing
             

Bovine rhinitis B virus 4 (BRBV-4)

BRBV-4 bov/TCH5/USA/2013 CG(p) 7474 KU168861 Tokarz & Lipkin, unpub. 5' end missing
BRAV-4 bov/MexB29/Mexico/2015 CG(p) 7189 KU159358 Mitra et al., 2016 5' end missing
BRAV-4 bov/USII/19/USA/2015 5'UTR(p)+PP(p) 4897 KU159359 Mitra et al., 2016 5' end missing
             

Bovine rhinitis B virus 5 (BRBV-5)

BRBV-5 bov/MexB09/Mexico/2015 CG(p) 7494 KU159360 Mitra et al., 2016 5' end missing
             
CG = complete genome
(p) = partial gene sequence
n/a = not available

References

Hause, B.M., Collin, E.A., Anderson, J., Hesse, R.A. and Anderson, G. (2015). Bovine rhinitis viruses are common in U.S. cattle with bovine respiratory disease. PLoS One 10(3):e0121998.

Hollister, J.R., Vagnozzi, A., Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2008). Molecular and phylogenetic analyses of bovine rhinovirus type 2 shows it is closely related to foot-and-mouth disease virus. Virology, In press. Jan 15 [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1016/j.virol.2007.12.019.

Knowles, N.J. (2005). Molecular identification of all three bovine rhinovirus serotypes as members of the genus Aphthovirus. EUROPIC 2005: XIIIth Meeting of the European Study Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, Lunteren, The Netherlands, 23-29th May 2005. Abstract A18.

Mitra, N., Cernicchiaro, N., Torres, S., Li, F. and Hause, B.M. (2016). Metagenomic characterization of the virome associated with bovine respiratory disease in feedlot cattle identified novel viruses and suggests an etiologic role for influenza D virus. J. Gen. Virol. 2016 May 5. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000492. [Epub ahead of print]

Ng, T.F., Kondov, N.O., Deng, X., Van Eenennaam, A., Neibergs, H.L. and Delwart, E. (2015). A metagenomics and case-control study to identify viruses associated with bovine respiratory disease. J. Virol. 89: 5340-5349.

 

 

 

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