Bovine rhinitis B virus

Child level

BRBV seqs

Same level

Bovine rhinitis A virus
Bovine rhinitis B virus
Equine rhinitis A virus
FMD virus
Bovine rhinoviruses
The species Bovine rhinitis B virus belongs to the genus Aphthovirus and consists of a single serotype, bovine rhinitis B virus 1 (BRBV-1). So far only one virus isolate has been described, EC-11, and it was originally named bovine rhinovirus 2 (BRV-2; Reed et al., 1971). Initial partial sequence analysis of the BRV-2 genome showed that it was more closely related to the aphthoviruses than to the rhinoviruses (Knowles, 2005). Since then the (nearly) complete genome sequence of EC 11 has been published and the relationship to the aphthoviruses confirmed (Hollister et al., 2008).

Search for Bovine rhinitis B virus sequences on GenBank

Genome organisation



Hause, B.M., Collin, E.A., Anderson, J., Hesse, R.A. and Anderson, G. (2015). Bovine rhinitis viruses are common in U.S. cattle with bovine respiratory disease. PLoS One 10(3):e0121998.

Hollister, J.R., Vagnozzi, A., Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2006). Molecular analysis of bovine rhinovirus type 2 shows a close relationship to the aphthoviruses. Northern Lights EUROPIC 2006: XIV Meeting of the European Study Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, Saariselkä, Inari, Finland, 26th November-1st December 2006. Abstract A5.

Hollister, J., Vagnozzi, A., Knowles, N.J. and Rieder, E. (2008). Molecular and phylogenetic analyses of bovine rhinovirus type 2 show it is closely related to foot-and-mouth disease virus. Virology 373: 411-425. doi 10.1016/j.virol.2007.12.019.

Knowles, N.J. (2005). Molecular identification of all three bovine rhinovirus serotypes as members of the genus Aphthovirus. EUROPIC 2005: XIIIth Meeting of the European Study Group on the Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, Lunteren, The Netherlands, 23-29th May 2005. Abstract A18.

Ng, T.F., Kondov, N.O., Deng, X., Van Eenennaam, A., Neibergs, H.L. and Delwart, E. (2015). A metagenomics and case-control study to identify viruses associated with bovine respiratory disease. J. Virol. 89: 5340-5349.


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