A number of picorna-like viruses have been
isolated from fish: barramundi virus-1 (BaV), grouper
virus, sea-bass virus-1 (SBV-1), smelt virus-1 (SmV-1), smelt virus-2 (SmV-2)
and turbot virus-1 (TuV-1).
According to Hetrick (1994), picorna-like
viruses also cause disease in Rainbow smelt, Atlantic salmon, Rainbow trout,
Brown trout and Japanese parrotfish.
According to Chittick et al. (2001), "Picorna-like
viruses have been documented in salmonids, Australian sea bass, Japanese
parrotfish, red-spotted grouper, striped jack, and rainbow smelt (McAllister
1993a, 1993b; Noga 1996)".
Recently the genome sequences of two fish picornaviruses
have been reported. Bluegill picornavirus
(Barbknecht, 2009) and eel picornavirus
(Philipps et al., 2010) are unrelated to each other.
Barbknecht, M. (2009). Characterization of a unclassified virus and survey
for its presence in Wisconsin bluegill populations. MSc Thesis, University
of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 89 pp.
Chittick, B., Stoskopf, M., Heil, N., Levine,
J. and Law, M.. (2001). Evaluation of sandbar shiner as a surrogate for
assessing health risks to the endangered Cape Fear shiner. Journal of Aquatic
Animal Health 13: 86-95.
Hetrick, F.M. (1994). CRC Handbook on Viral Zoonoses.
Hetrick, F.M. and Hedrick, R.P. (1993).
New viruses described in finfish from 1988–1992. Annual Review of Fish Diseases
Abstract: A number of new
virus isolates from finfish have been reported in the scientific literature
during the past five years. These include nine aquareoviruses, eight
picornaviruses, six iridoviruses, five herpesviruses, three rhabdoviruses, three
retroviruses, a paramyxovirus, and a coronavirus. Not all of these agents have
been isolated in cell culture or established as etiologic agents of disease by
controlled transmission studies. The burgeoning number of fish viruses is a
reflection of the increased interest in fish diseases, particularly those
occurring in aquaculture facilities, and the number will surely grow as fish
farming intensifies on a global scale. This review chronicles the new virus
isolates and lists them with other members of their virus family where
McAllister, P.E. (1993a). Freshwater temperate
fish viruses. Pages 284–300 in M.K. Stoskopf, editor. Fish medicine. Saunders,
McAllister, P.E. (1993b). Salmonid fish
viruses. Pages 380–408 in M.K. Stoskopf, editor. Fish medicine. Saunders,
Noga, E.J. (1996). Fish disease: diagnosis and
treatment. Mosby-Year Book, Inc., St. Louis.
Philipps, A., Dauber, M., Fichtner, D.,
Groth, M., Wutzler, P. and Zell, R. (2010). Sequencing of a fish
virus reveals a novel picornavirus lineage.
EUROPIC 2010: XVI Meeting of the European Study Group on the
Molecular Biology of Picornaviruses, St. Andrews, Scotland, 11-16
September 2010. Abstract G9, p. 132.
Winton, J.R. (1989). Picornaviruses and
reoviruses of fishes. In: Viruses of Lower Vertebrates (ed. by Ahne W. &
Kurstack E.), pp. 217-226. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.