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Welcome to the home of Picornaviruses
hosted by The Pirbright Institute

The family Picornaviridae currently consists of 147 species grouped into 63 genera (as of March 2020). Five new genera, each containing a single species, were proposed in August 2020. A further six species have also been proposed in existing genera. The number of species in each genus is shown in brackets (+ those newly proposed).

Aalivirus [1] Ailurivirus [1] Ampivirus [1] Anativirus [2] Aphthovirus [4]
Aquamavirus [1] Avihepatovirus [1] Avisivirus [3] Boosepivirus [3] Bopivirus [1]
"Caecilivirus" [1] Cardiovirus [6] Cosavirus [5] Crahelivirus [1] Crohivirus [2]
"Danipivirus" [1] Dicipivirus [2] Diresapivirus [2] Enterovirus [15] Erbovirus [1]
Felipivirus [1] Fipivirus [5+1] Gallivirus [1] Gruhelivirus [1] Grusopivirus [2+1]
Harkavirus [1] Hemipivirus [1] Hepatovirus [9] Hunnivirus [1] Kobuvirus [6]
Kunsagivirus [3] Limnipivirus [3+1] Livupivirus [1] Ludopivirus [1] Malagasivirus [2]
"Marsupivirus" [1] Megrivirus [5] Mischivirus [4+1] Mosavirus [2] Mupivirus [1]
Myrropivirus [1] Orivirus [1] Oscivirus [1] Parabovirus [3] Parechovirus [6]
Pasivirus [1] Passerivirus [2] Pemapivirus [1+1] Poecivirus [1] Potamipivirus [2]
"Pygoscepivirus" [1] Rabovirus [4] Rafivirus [3] "Rajidapivirus" [1] Rohelivirus [1]
Rosavirus [3] Sakobuvirus [1] Salivirus [1] Sapelovirus [2] Senecavirus [1]
Shanbavirus [1] Sicinivirus [1] Symapivirus [1] Teschovirus [2] Torchivirus [1]
Tottorivirus [1] Tremovirus [2] Tropivirus [1+1]    

The Picornaviridae pages have been updated to reflect the new taxonomy approved by the ICTV in March 2017 (Adams et al., 2017), February 2018 (King et al., 2018), February 2019 (Walker et al., 2019) and March 2020. Thus the taxonomy is based on the ICTV 10th Report Chapter - Picornaviridae (Zell et al., 2017) and the ICTV Master Species List 2018.

Full Classification of the family Picornaviridae:

Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Pisuviricota
Class: Pisoniviricetes
Order: Picornavirales

An important note on names and orthography:

  • ICTV approved genera and species names are shown in italics, e.g. Hunnivirus A (except in menus and page titles because of technical difficulties).

  • Proposed (i.e. a proposal has been submitted to the ICTV) genera and species names are enclosed within double quotation marks, e.g. "Acmevirus A".

  • Candidate genera and species names are enclosed within single quotation marks, e.g. 'Acmevirus B'.

Alphabetical list of picornaviruses

New picornaviruses

References

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Mushegian, A.R., Nibert, M., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, FM., Gorbalenya, A.E., Davison, A.J. (2017). Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2017). Arch Virol. 2017 Apr 22. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3358-5. [Epub ahead of print]

King, A.M.Q., Lefkowitz, E.J., Mushegian, A.R., Adams, M.J., Dutilh, B.E., Gorbalenya, A.E., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Junglen, S., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Nibert, M.L., Rubino, L., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, F.M., Davison, A.J. (2018). Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2018). Arch Virol. 2018 May 12. doi: 10.1007/s00705-018-3847-1. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29754305.

Walker PJ, Siddell SG, Lefkowitz EJ, Mushegian AR, Dempsey DM, Dutilh BE, Harrach B, Harrison RL, Hendrickson RC, Junglen S, Knowles NJ, Kropinski AM, Krupovic M, Kuhn JH, Nibert M, Rubino L, Sabanadzovic S, Simmonds P, Varsani A, Zerbini FM, Davison AJ. (2019). Changes to virus taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2019). Arch Virol. 2019 Jun 12. doi: 10.1007/s00705-019-04306-w. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31187277.

Zell, R., Delwart, E., Gorbalenya, A.E., Hovi, T., King, A.M.Q., Knowles, N.J., Lindberg, A.M., Pallansch, M.A., Palmenberg, A.C., Reuter, G., Simmonds, P., Skern, T., Stanway, G., Yamashita, T. and ICTV Report Consortium. (2017). ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Picornaviridae. J. Gen. Virol. 2017 Sep 8. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000911. [Epub ahead of print]


Interesting reading...
Wang, X., Ren, J., Gao, Q., Hu, Z., Sun, Y., Li, X., Rowlands, D.J., Yin, W., Wang, J., Stuart, D.I., Rao, Z. and Fry, E.E. (2014). Hepatitis A virus and the origins of picornaviruses. Nature 2014 Oct 19. doi: 10.1038/nature13806. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed PMID: 25327248.

Koonin, E.V., Wolf, Y.I., Nagasaki, K. and Dolja, V.V. (2008). The Big Bang of picorna-like virus evolution antedates the radiation of eukaryotic supergroups. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 6: 925-939. Epub 2008 Nov 10.

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